In November 1999.

On November 30, 1999, “ION” label released “Permutation”, the tenth Bill Laswell album. It was recorded in 1999, at “Orange Music” in West Orange, New Jersey, and was produced by Bill Laswell.


  • Bill Laswell– bass guitar, guitar, keyboards, effects, drum programming, musical arrangements
  • Nicky Skopelitis– guitar
  • Hassan Ibn Ali – sampler
  • Helios Creed– sampler
  • Lance Carter– drums
  • Robert Musso– engineer, programming
  • Michael Fossenkemper – mastering

Track listing:

All tracks by Bill Laswell.

  1. Encoded
  2. Acid Test
  3. Coma
  4. Perimeter
  5. Escape Clause
  6. Iron Black
  7. Scatter
  8. Enhanced

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